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SEASONAL ALLERGIES HIDDEN IN THE SHADOW OF AUTUMN

SEASONAL ALLERGIES HIDDEN IN THE SHADOW OF AUTUMN 

SEASONAL ALLERGIES HIDDEN IN THE SHADOW OF AUTUMN


Allergies can be exhausting and last for weeks and months, adversely affecting immunity and increasing susceptibility to infections. Therefore, it is advisable to prepare well for the battle with seasonal allergies

 

Babysitting summer usually means a lot of nice and warm autumn days, perfect for staying in the fresh air. And while we happily plan for walks and other outdoor activities, allergy-prone people will experience seasonal allergy symptoms from September to mid-November.

Allergy or cold?

As the days get shorter and colder, with the allergy, the common cold, which is prone and healthy, let alone people who suffer from the allergy, will become more common. How to identify symptoms?

 

A simple diagnosis and anamnestic data will certainly help in the differential diagnosis. Namely, both allergies and colds usually begin with a sniffle, but in the case of an allergy, there is no muscle pain that often accompanies the common cold, eyes narrowing is more pronounced, and nasal discharge is usually clear. Therefore, if you sniff, itch and tear your eyes, tickle you in the throat, rain and / or have bouts of hoarseness and otherwise be in good general condition, you may suspect an allergy. If it rains five to six times in a row every fall, every few minutes every fall, you may be allergic to some seasonal substances from your environment. In order to confirm or exclude this, you should undergo allergy testing.

If it rains five to six times in a row every fall, every few minutes, every autumn, you may be allergic to some seasonal substances from your environment.

 

Knowledge of the allergen in question is important to minimize contact and thus reduce the onset of symptoms. A simple and quick skin test (the so-called prick test) can very easily detect the sensitivity to many allergens. Such testing can be performed regardless of the patient's age, from infant age to deep age. The tests cover a wide range of allergens, many of which will often be positive for pollen of seasonal weeds and trees, house dust and its most common inhabitants - mites, but also for animal hair and pet feathers (birds, dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, geese , ducks and other poultry), all the way to allergies to the hairs of goats, cows and pigs, even sheep fleece.

Autumn allergies are on the rise

In recent decades, allergic diseases have shown an upward trend, and we rightly call them diseases of the modern age, including autumn allergies. In addition to pollen, the most common allergens are animal hair, dust, mold and food. Pollen from grasses, weeds and other plants

 

Experts point out that every fourth inhabitant of Croatia (more than 25 percent of the population) suffers from some type of allergy caused by the reaction to many pollen species, as well as from an increase in the concentration of indoor seasonal allergens. Of the external allergens, the most troublesome autumn allergens are the pollen of grasses and weeds, which, when carried by the wind, often travel miles to our homes from meadows and lawns, the higher the concentration, the warmer, drier and windier the days are. Persons prone to fall allergies must also be protected from contact with the pollen of other plants, such as nettles, wormwood, cane, pickles and ragweed, which manifest their wicked nature until mid-November and the first snowfall.

 

Allergies can be exhausting and last for weeks and months, adversely affecting immunity and increasing susceptibility to infections. Therefore, it is advisable to prepare well for the battle with seasonal allergies

Babysitting summer usually means a lot of nice and warm autumn days, perfect for staying in the fresh air. And while we happily plan for walks and other outdoor activities, allergy-prone people will experience seasonal allergy symptoms from September to mid-November.

Allergy or cold?

As the days get shorter and colder, with the allergy, the common cold, which is prone and healthy, let alone people who suffer from the allergy, will become more common. How to identify symptoms?

 

A simple diagnosis and anamnestic data will certainly help in the differential diagnosis. Namely, both allergies and colds usually begin with a sniffle, but in the case of an allergy, there is no muscle pain that often accompanies the common cold, eyes narrowing is more pronounced, and nasal discharge is usually clear. Therefore, if you sniff, itch and tear your eyes, tickle you in the throat, rain and / or have bouts of hoarseness and otherwise be in good general condition, you may suspect an allergy. If it rains five to six times in a row every fall, every few minutes every fall, you may be allergic to some seasonal substances from your environment. In order to confirm or exclude this, you should undergo allergy testing.

If it rains five to six times in a row every fall, every few minutes, every fall, you may be allergic to some seasonal substances from your environment.

 

Knowledge of the allergen in question is important to minimize contact and thus reduce the onset of symptoms. A simple and quick skin test (the so-called prick test) can very easily detect the sensitivity to many allergens. Such testing can be performed regardless of the patient's age, from infant age to deep age. The tests cover a wide range of allergens, many of which will often be positive for pollen of seasonal weeds and trees, house dust and its most common inhabitants - mites, but also for animal hair and pet feathers (birds, dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, geese , ducks and other poultry), all the way to allergies to the hairs of goats, cows and pigs, even sheep fleece.

Autumn allergies are on the rise

In recent decades, allergic diseases have shown an upward trend, and we rightly call them diseases of the modern age, including autumn allergies. In addition to pollen, the most common allergens are animal hair, dust, mold and food. Pollen from grasses, weeds and other plants

 

Experts point out that every fourth inhabitant of Croatia (more than 25 percent of the population) suffers from some type of allergy caused by the reaction to many pollen species, but also due to the increase in the concentration of indoor seasonal allergens. Of the external allergens, the most troublesome autumn allergens are the pollen of grasses and weeds, which, when carried by the wind, often travel miles to our homes from meadows and lawns, the higher the concentration, the warmer, drier and windier the days are. Persons prone to fall allergies must also be protected from contact with the pollen of other plants, such as nettles, wormwood, cane, pickles and ragweed, which manifest their wicked nature until mid-November and the first snowfall.

 

Based on several studies conducted a couple of years ago that tracked the association between ambrosia prevalence and an increase in the total number of allergies in Europe, it is somewhat frightening that the number of Europeans allergic to ambrosia pollen could rise to the high 80 million by 2050. Despite campaigns aimed at exterminating it, ambrosia is not to be given. Originally from North America, the plant has been plaguing residents of Europe from north to south for decades. Interestingly, as many as two-thirds of ambrosia allergy cases are linked to climate change, while one-third are attributed to the natural spread of ambrosia across our continent. In one study, scientists at the University of Vienna warned that, due to the spread of this extremely resistant plant (which can grow up to two meters in height), increased pollen concentrations in the air and longer flowering times, the number of allergic individuals will continue to increase in late fall. In addition to causing major problems for people with allergies in America and Europe, it is spreading to other parts of the world, from Australia to Japan, thus becoming a global problem.

 

With the naked eye of invisible dust mites there are upholstered furniture and carpets everywhere on our skin. They are highly allergenic and are one of the most commonly known causes of asthma. It takes about a month to reproduce. Of the climatic conditions, they are more suited to humid climates and less to living conditions at higher altitudes. Mites can cause sneezing, sniffles, runny nose and itching, narrowing and itching of the eyes, and cough. Molds and mites are a common cause of allergic diseases in school children, as they usually reside in schools. Fungi and molds

 

Among all possible fall allergens, fungi and molds, which are more numerous as the days become less sunny and humid, should be considered. Because, mold spores are one of the most important internal allergens.

 

We usually consider fungi to be harmless and natural to our residents. They often develop on piles of wet leaves, which provide ideal conditions for propagation. However, if they exceed a tolerable concentration in the air, they can cause infectious infections, but also dangerous allergies, supported by a myriad of expert articles confirming the association of the onset of allergic symptoms with fungal and mold infections.

 

In all places where they grow due to poor insulation in the apartments, energy savings and inadequate ventilation, in our living space can cause aggressive air contamination by the millions of spores that are potentially dangerous allergens and lurk under the carpet, behind cabinets, in corners of walls. In areas that are not regularly ventilated, fungi and mold are particularly dangerous to the health of children, the elderly, immunocompromised people suffering from chronic diseases and all atopic patients.

 

In addition to being allergenic, some molds, such as Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp., Trichoderma and others, are highly toxic. The poison of their spores is easily transmitted by air and can cause mycosis and mycotoxin poisoning (lurking in sick homes, buildings and establishments where myoallergenic concentrations are high and moisture levels are higher than 65 percent), and allergic reactions are increasingly manifested by unusual skin rash. , with itching and coughing.Animal allergens

 

Many people struggle with pet hair allergy all year long, but in the fall they are even more difficult, because many fur allergens (pollen, dust, mites) also flow in the fur of pets that roll on grass and fallen leaves. Pets are particularly sensitive to young children, although they do not need to be in contact with the animal because their allergens fly through the air and remain on the furniture for days and months. In the event that an allergy is confirmed, it may be desirable, although it may be painful for the family, to donate or relocate the pet to a closer or further relative.

 

If you want to replace a long-haired pet with a short-haired one, thinking that one of your household will be less allergic then you are fooling yourself. The allergen reaction is caused by the allergens in the fur, not by the hair or the fur itself, so the change in length does not affect the severity or absence of the allergic reaction. In addition, feline allergens, compared to dogs, lead to greater release of histamines and other inflammatory mediators, making cats potentially more dangerous than allergy-prone dogs for children.

 

In the fall months, animal saliva and residual urine and skin flakes, as well as pet feces, may be allergic, and may be traced back to carpets, blankets and pet clothing that you use more often during cold autumn days.

 

Allergens can also be straw, corn and fiber, cotton, flax, rye and hemp. Allergies to insects are also common, such as hornets, wasps, bees, but also mosquitoes. During the wet days of late fall, the situation on the street is not even better. New and old allergens are lurking in the misty droplets of street smog, which, like mold spores, can cause eye and skin irritation, coughs, difficulty breathing, bronchitis, and various combinations of allergic and infectious diseases of the upper and lower respiratory system.

 

Prevention is half health

The best way to prevent it is to avoid contact with the allergen whenever possible and to administer symptom therapy with allergic reaction medications, antihistamines and decongestants. Remember that, although allergies occur abruptly, they can be exhausting and last for weeks and months, adversely affecting immunity and increasing susceptibility to infections. Therefore, it is advisable to prepare for the battle with seasonal allergies by eating healthy foods with plenty of quercetin (kale, spinach, broccoli, red onions, blueberries, apples, plums). Allergenic foods - dairy products, sugars and gluten, and foods that promote inflammation should be avoided, or intake of anti-inflammatory foods such as nuts, fish and berries should be increased.

 

If you are aware that you are allergic to ragweed or the pollen of some other herbs, watch out for and avoid fruits and vegetables that may exacerbate allergic symptoms and worsen them by causing a pollen fever condition. Experts advise people who are allergic to ragweed to avoid cucumber, eggplant, melon, bananas and sunflower seeds. upper airway hygiene (stop smoking, rinse your nose regularly, inhale, moisturize enough in your living quarters, avoid sudden changes in warm and cold, and so on).

Allergenic foods - dairy products, sugars and gluten, and foods that promote inflammation should be avoided, or intake of foods that have an anti-inflammatory effect, such as nuts, fish and berries, should be increased.

 

Since the concentration of pollen in the air is usually higher in the morning and morning, it is wise then not to go outside until the pollen dust settles and the pollen concentration drops to a more acceptable level. Therefore, if you plan to spend nice days walking or jogging by nature, or at an outdoor social event, it is advisable to do so in the afternoon and evening.

 

Although it is preferable to have a morning shower, regular showering and washing your hair before bedtime is a useful preventative activity against allergies, since by showering in ordinary water, the hair and body are released from numerous allergens (such as pollen, mold and dust with dust mites), which can turn breathing into nightmare and disturbed sleep, especially if you have been in nature for more than an hour that day. This is especially true for children, especially those under the age of eight. In order to reduce the amount of potential allergens, the cleanliness of the living quarters should also be maintained: to wipe away dust regularly, to remove any more retaining material, such as carpets, curtains and blankets. or wash them frequently, maintain floor cleanliness, preferably use a water filter vacuum cleaner, regularly change linens and preferably use one that has anti-allergic characteristics, ventilate regularly, maintain pet hygiene and not let them into the nursery and bedroom.

Regular showering and washing your hair before bedtime is a useful preventative activity against allergies, because by showering in ordinary water, the hair and body release many allergens, which can turn breathing into a nightmare and interfere with sleep.

 

In the prevention of fungi and mold, it is important to encourage the circulation of air through the rooms in which we live (rooms, kitchen, bathroom) by ventilating at least every three to four hours for several minutes, moving furniture away from the walls, regularly maintaining the air conditioner and hood and heating the room. If you live in a new apartment where moisture is higher than allowed, it should be heated more frequently and ventilated more frequently in the first heating season. Against fungi and molds, coating the affected areas with vinegar or three to four percent acetic acid, wiping with a cloth moistened with a mixture of salicylic acid and 70 percent ethanol (available at the pharmacy) and rinsing the cleaned areas with warm brine and drying may be helpful.

 


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