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How to regulate blood cholesterol and triglycerides?

How to regulate blood cholesterol and triglycerides?

How to regulate blood cholesterol and triglycerides?


What Is LDL And HDL Cholesterol?

 

Fats are not water soluble and cannot be transported with blood. Therefore, they are packed in special packs to be transported with blood. These packages consist of carriers - proteins and fats (lipids) that are transported, so the packages are called lipoproteins. LDL (low density lipoprotein) is a low-density lipoprotein and HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is a high-density lipoprotein. LDL has a low density because it is rich in fats and fats and oils are known to float on water because they are lighter than water, ie. have a lower density. HDL has a little fat and a lot more protein (carrier) in its composition, so it is not harmful and is even “good” because it has the capacity to buy cholesterol from blood vessels and thus purify them.

 

What Is Good Cholesterol?

 

Good cholesterol or HDL (high density cholesterol) is considered to have the ability to collect fat from the walls of blood vessels, thus preventing the accumulation of fat on the walls of blood vessels and narrowing of blood vessels. By developing blood vessels narrowing, blood pressure increases and the chances of obstruction of blood vessels increase if a thrombus develops. Good cholesterol transports the collected fat into the liver, where it is further processed, so the more this "good" cholesterol has, the better, since there will be less free cholesterol in the blood.

 

What Is Bad Cholesterol?

 

Bad cholesterol or LDL contains a large percentage of the cholesterol that is subject to oxidation. The cholesterol from these LDL packs adheres to the walls of blood vessels and contributes to the construction of atherosclerotic plaque (deposits on the walls of blood vessels that narrow the diameter of a blood vessel). When this cholesterol is increased there is an increased formation of these plaques, ie plaque. When the diameter of the blood vessel narrows, the pressure increases, so the heart is additionally stressed.

 

Why are increased cholesterol levels harmful?

 

When the levels of LDL - bad blood cholesterol are too high, it adheres to the walls of blood vessels and builds up in atherosclerotic plaque, leading to narrowing of blood vessels and hardening of blood vessel walls. If the blood vessels become too narrow, the blood supply becomes difficult, the blood pressure increases. If a portion of the plaque is removed, a thrombus develops, which begins to float freely with blood. If it enters a blood vessel narrower than the diameter of the thrombus, it can clog it up and then the blood flow to the part of the tissue that received the blood through that blood vessel stops. When this blockage occurs, a heart attack occurs in the heart, and a stroke occurs in the brain.

 

The risk of developing heart disease is increased by: smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, low HDL, family history of heart disease, years - over 45 for men, over 55 for women.

 

What are Triglycerides?

 

Increased triglycerides do not usually occur on their own but are associated with some other symptoms and conditions, e.g. obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure. Usually when triglycerides are increased, HDL "good" cholesterol is reduced. Increased triglycerides are a risk factor for the development of heart disease, especially if it is associated with other symptoms that characterize metabolic syndrome X. Dietary sugars are consumed in the body and the excess is converted to triglycerides and stored in this form for periods of hunger. Increased intake of sugars (carbohydrates) as well as diabetes have been linked to increased triglyceride formation.

 

What can cause increased cholesterol?

 

Increased cholesterol can be caused by a genetic factor, poor nutrition, obesity, and risk factors include poor physical activity, age, sex (women before menopause have lower cholesterol than men). Elevated cholesterol can also occur as a result of another illness, e.g. diabetes, hypothyroidism, obstructive liver disease, kidney damage, medications (anabolic steroids, progesterone, corticosteroids).

 

What is atherosclerosis and what is atherosclerotic plaque?

 

Excess cholesterol cannot be utilized by the body, so it stays in the blood and collects on the walls of blood vessels, ie. atherosclerotic plaque is produced. This causes the blood vessels to narrow, and this process occurs throughout the body, however it is most dangerous when the cardiac and cerebral arteries are narrowed. Atherosclerosis is the appearance of narrowing in the diameter of blood vessels, which occurs over a long period of time, ie. years. Narrowing of the arteries in the legs due to atherosclerosis leads to lower leg pain and cramps primarily when walking.

 

What are the optimal values for blood cholesterol and triglycerides?

 

The cholesterol and triglyceride indicative values are given here, and if there are additional risk factors for developing heart and blood vessel disease, the blood fat values are more rigorous. Your doctor will determine what your fat levels are, based on your overall health. The total cholesterol value should be less than 5.0mmol / l and the LDL-cholesterol value less than 3.0mmol / l. HDL-cholesterol should be above 1.0mmol / l.

 

How To Reduce Blood Cholesterol?

 

Blood cholesterol may be increased as a result of increased dietary fat intake or if the liver produces cholesterol, which is generally genetically predetermined. Reduced dietary intake can be affected, in such cases it is possible to regulate cholesterol by changing eating habits, whereas in genetically enhanced cholesterol production, diet alone is not sufficient and medications need to be used.



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